The foundation also supports specific partner organisations in their project activities in the areas of resource protection, environmental education, and environmental lobbying, thus striving for enhanced consciousness on environmental. The environmental challenges in sub saharan africa akin l. The key problems highlighted are global warming and climate variability, loss of. Ss7g2 african environmental issues flashcards quizlet. Water, air and land pollution learn with flashcards, games, and more for free. Below the enviromental issues will be provided the same order above after some other items below. I will then pro pose a range of initiatives for respond ing to these problems, present esti mates of their costs, and suggest ways. The department of environmental affairs, its entities and programmes produce and contribute to a variety of publications, with a view to keep the public informed and engaged on environmental issues. Africas environmental issues when americans think about environmental problems, they generally focus on global warming and climate change, smog from cars, or pollution from factories.
It has 54 states and a wide variety of natural diversity. Nearly all of africa s environmental problems are geographically variable and human induced, though not necessarily by africans. These are the main environmental issues faced by africa there is a huge list of environmental issues in africa, which is turning out to be a threat to the global environmental condition. Environmental issues across africa ss7g2 the student will discuss environmental issues across the continent of africa. These are the main environmental issues faced by africa. Such strategies must pay greater attention to broader issues and recognize intersectoral links and. The united nations, the world bank, and the united childrens fund are clean water programs at work in africa. This file is a resource pack about the major environmental issues in africa. Africa is the second largest and the second most populated continent in the world. The most critical of these problems is the one that concerns her natural environment. Regardless of the overarching focus on the intrusive colonial and capitalist systems in african environmental history, forces that also imparted foreign conservationist ideas. South africa aims to expand the conservation areas under formal protection to the international standard of 10% of the total area of the country.
In this semiarid climate with regular droughts, the degradation of natural resources is endangering sufficient food supplies to the population. Environmental issues of africass7g2 students will discussenvironmental issues across the continent of africa. Of the country land mass, 92% is identified as hyperarid, arid or semiarid. Welcome to african environmental issues in which i will tell you about africa s enviromental issues. Climate change is a global environmental problem and while a. This paper provides an overview of some of the significant environmental problems in the southern african region. The entire east africa horn of africa region is characterised by a particularly large diversity of species and ecosystems. Environmental issues of africa linkedin slideshare. Issues include desertification, problems with access to safe water supply, population explosion and fauna depletion. As africas environmental health issues become more complex and the continents riskscape under goes significant change, environmental health policy and action must adopt more comprehensive, holistic, and populationspecific approaches for identifying, recognizing, and managing environmental health hazards. World environmental history environmental history of africa vimbai c. Some problems are lack of water, poor soil quality, and.
The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry. The impact of an unhealthy environment on human health in. Environmental issues of africa ss7g2 by brain wrinkles tpt. Pollution occurs when humanmade products or waste negatively alters the natural environment. Water issuesrivers of africa a major issue facing the nile river is that it is being contaminated with human and industrial waste. Section 5 discusses the empirical results while section 6 concludes. Political instability in africa where the problem lies and alternative perspectives by antony otieno ongayo the african diaspora policy centre, amsterdam1. Rainfall is not only low but also highly variable and unpredictable over time and space. Explain how water pollution and the unequal distribution of water impacts irrigation, trade, industry and drinking water.
Sep 18, 2008 the foundations environmental program targets civilsociety and statesponsored actors, whose environmental consciousness is strengthened and promoted. African environmental issues minnesota state university. Lesotho is surrounded by south africa it is in the middle of south africa. Drought in south africa continues despite good rainy season. Well i am a simple person who got involved in fighting environmental issues some 17 years ago. Subsaharan africa suffers from some serious environmental problems, including deforestation, soil erosion, desertification, wetland degradation, and insect. The emerging concepts of environmental issues in africa. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the. Africas environmental problems are large, but african countries are working hard with world organizations to try to find solutions. However, the people there suffer from serious environmental problems as well as chronic food shortages. Subsaharan africa suffers from some serious environmental problems, including deforestation, soil erosion, desertification, wetland degradation, and insect infestation. Migration is a complex process, made more so by the role it played in the creation of the apartheid state. We also share information about your use of our site with social media and analytics partners.
The publication aims to keep stakeholders including the public, researchers and policy makers in the environment sector up to date with the programmes, events and legislation driven by the department of environmental affairs. Environmental issues in africa like other parts of the world, africa must deal with environmental problems such as bad water deforestation desertification one major problem facing africa is pollution. Kesegofetse mazongo are postgraduate students at the university of nairobi. Sep 20, 2016 1918 influenza pandemic survivor interview. Get a printable copy pdf file of the complete article 6. In the face of major environmental issues in central africa abernethy et al. The national context of change, which includes a new focus on development, a redefined role for local government and an accelerated effort to address the imbalances and legacy of apartheid, is outlined. Environmental laws and legislation in south africa. The environmental challenges in sub saharan africa mit. Environmental issues of south africa south africa has mined its countryside for more than a century, and that long legacy of mining has taken a major toll on the countrys environment. South africa is home to more than nine million hectares of protected areas network, which includes national parks, nature reserves and world heritage sites, equating to about 8% of the countrys land. The environmental challenges in sub saharan africa. Environmental issues, policies and clean technology.
The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of environmental health challenges facing south africa, a country in transition. African environmental issues are caused by anthropogenic effects on the african natural. This research analysis will focus mainly on south africa, showing a list of the different issues found in south africa, as well as listing the ways in which they affect the country in both the business and environmental sectors. Standard ss7g2 the student will discuss environmental issues across the continent of africa.
Environment quarterly is the stakeholder publication of the department of environmental affairs. How africas vast challenges are intricately intertwined, and how they are to a greater extent connected to the intermittent denial of agency, humanity and input of especially africas women, rural peasants and urban poor by the ruling elites both african and non africans, has also remained largely unexplored. In the past years, this continent has faced many political and war issues, which made the countries poor and underdeveloped. Pdf an overview of environmental issues in southern africa. The age of extinction a manatee is worth more alive.
Acidification the lowering of soil and water ph due to acid precipitation and deposition usually through precipitation. Namibia environmental and climate change policy brief 4 june, 2008 this policy brief was carried out as a desk study in april to may 2008. Many environmental issues affect southern africa due to urbanization and the acts needed in order to survive. Africas environment, economy, lifestyles and livelihoods. In truth, africa has inherited a hazardousliving environment. Environmental pollution problems in africa sciencedirect. In society, the population of the world is affected by social economic issues. Welcome to african environmental issues in which i will tell you about africas enviromental issues. Namibia environmental and climate change policy brief. Moving with the times it evolved into a blog and still one of the most highly regarded and influential sources of environmental news serving both south africa, africa and the world. Other sources of environmental issues in south africa include agricultural practices and a lack of inland water. Instead, the study explores the role and impact of the.
This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. These issues are ultimately linked to overpopulation in africa, as well as on a global scale. Some of the aspects of these issues are discussed in the article below, along with some measures which need to be taken. Environmental and resource economics in south africa. Namibia is the driest country in subsaharan africa. Efforts to deal with these problems, however, have been handicapped by a real failure to understand their nature and possible remedies. Political instability in africa where the problem lies and. The key problems highlighted are global warming and climate variability, loss of biodiversity, deforestation, desertificationland degradation, waste and littering, population growth, urbanization, pollution, poverty and health hazards. African countries vulnerable to the long decline of commodity prices that began in the late 1970s. I will begin by providing an overview of the current problems of natural resource scarcity and environmental pollution in the region and of some of their quantifiable costs. Some of the major issues are desertification, deforestation, water pollution, and unequal water distribution.
Angola, botswana, lesotho, malawi, mozambique, namibia, south africa, swaziland, zambia, and zimbabwe. Zackie achmat of the treatment action campaign is likely to consider aids more important than biodiversity loss. Saharan africa is most likely to try and focus on malaria. South africas currency has taken a beating amid the latest bout of emerging market turmoil, but the countrys president jacob zuma told cnbc the rands volatility was all down to the u. Mabogunje subsaharan africa suffers from some serious environmental problems, including deforestation, soil erosion, desertification, wetland degradation, and insect infestation. Encyclopedia of life support systems eolss the spiritual realm. Some key environmental issues in south africa this essay identifies some key environmental issues in south africa. African environmental issues are caused by anthropogenic effects on the african natural environment and have major impacts on humans and nearly all forms of endemic life. Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. We work closely with the african ministerial conference on the environment amcen, which was established in 1985 following a conference of african. With respect to africa, environmental issues have been a perennial concern for historical and physical geographers, anthropologists, archaeologists and. To a great extent, in the african context, development becomes essentially a cure for the major environmental problems of poverty and inadequate infrastruc ture. The people of africa face many different enviromental issues. Ibrahim farah is a nairobibased academic whose areas of interest include foreign policy analysis, conflict studies and environmental diplomacy while ms.
The african union had a special meeting on african water issues during the summer of 2008. I started this site as a forum which became very popular very fast. Major challenges facing africa in the 21st century. Full text full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. But most of the environmental problems in africa are the result of climate and poverty being poor, not businesses and factories. We also have a subregional office for west africa in cote divoire, a liaison office in ethiopia and an office in south africa. Environmental pollution is increasingly a problem in africa, where the environmental consequences of development cannot be ignored.1086 1228 117 524 1512 422 63 196 242 1279 597 221 1416 543 205 546 1393 949 382 1420 1499 525 196 1169 480 836 827 824 436 496 838 1403 586 63 622 625 471 521